(In the privacy of the home behavior can be far looser, and reports from the Daily Mail and WikiLeaks indicate that the ruling Saudi Royal family applies a different moral code to itself, indulging in parties, drugs and sex. Arabia underwent an extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternary that led to profound evolutionary and demographic changes. Additionally, traditional tribal law and custom remain significant. , The population of Saudi Arabia as of July 2013 is estimated to be 26.9 million, including between 5.5 million and 10 million non-nationalized immigrants, though the Saudi population has long proved difficult to accurately estimate due to Saudi leaders' historical tendency to inflate census results. LA CAPITALE, RIYAD Riyad, o Riad (in arabo significa "giardini"), è la capitale dell’Arabia Saudita ed è la sua città più grande.  As of 2018, two women hold cabinet positions in the Saudi government: Dr Tamadur bint Youssef Al Ramah, who was appointed deputy labor minister that year; and Norah bint Abdallah Al Faiz, who became deputy minister of education in charge of women's affairs in 2009. The predominantly loose and flowing, but covering, garments are suited to Saudi Arabia's desert climate.  According to data from Fitch Ratings, over two years starting from May 2016 Saudi Arabia went from having zero debt to raising $68 billion in dollar-denominated bonds and syndicated loans—one of the fastest rates among emerging economies. The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of mainly four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir). Many of the migrants died due to heatstroke or by attempting suicide, after being severely beaten and tortured. , In August 2013, a law was passed that criminalized domestic violence against women.  More traditional sports such as horse racing and camel racing are also popular. Initial analysis of the discovery concluded that the eastern province of Saudi Arabia was the homeland of the earliest settlers of Mesopotamia, and by extension, the likely origin of the Sumerians. , The word "Saudi" is derived from the element as-Saʿūdīyah in the Arabic name of the country, which is a type of adjective known as a nisba, formed from the dynastic name of the Saudi royal family, the Al Saud (Arabic: آل سعود). Birds include falcons (which are caught and trained for hunting), eagles, hawks, vultures, sandgrouse, and bulbuls.  However, according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with Sharia (Islamic law) and the Quran, while the Quran and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the country's constitution.  Following the 9/11 attacks, the government aimed to tackle the twin problems of encouraging extremism and the inadequacy of the country's university education for a modern economy, by slowly modernising the education system through the "Tatweer" reform program. , The new kingdom was reliant on limited agriculture and pilgrimage revenues.  These changes contributed to later uncertainties, such as the dispute with Transjordan over the inclusion of the sanjak of Ma'an, including the cities of Ma'an and Aqaba. , On 25 September 2011, King Abdullah announced that Saudi women would gain the right to vote (and to be candidates) in municipal elections, provided that a male guardian grants permission. La lingua uffiziala dal pajais è l'arab Questa pagina è vegnida modifitgada l'ultima giada ils 30 avust 2018 a las 16:13. , The approach taken in the Saudi education system has been accused of encouraging Islamic terrorism, leading to reform efforts. , Islamism was not the only source of hostility to the government.  According to Pew Research Center there are 390,000 Hindus in Saudi Arabia, almost all foreign workers. Fahd continued to develop close relations with the United States and increased the purchase of American and British military equipment. Businesses are closed three or four times a day for 30 to 45 minutes during business hours while employees and customers are sent off to pray. Proselytizing by non-Muslims and conversion by Muslims to another religion is illegal, and as of 2014[update] the distribution of "publications that have prejudice to any other religious belief other than Islam" (such as Bibles), was reportedly punishable by death. See authoritative translations of Arabia Saudita in English with example sentences and audio pronunciations. Uno di questi è l'indirizzo email necessario per creare un account su questo sito e usarlo per commentare.  More than 50,000 children in Yemen died from starvation in 2017.  Counting only the non-Muslim-majority countries, Saudi Arabia has paid for the construction of 1359 mosques, 210 Islamic centres, 202 colleges and 2000 schools. Directed by filmmaker Rick Rowley, the documentary examines the relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia, as a backdrop to the murder of Khashoggi, along with the interactions between the Trump administration and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. In arabo Riad significa “giardino”.  The tentative rapprochement between the US and Iran that began in secret in 2011 was said to be feared by the Saudis, and, during the run up to the widely welcomed deal on Iran's nuclear programme that capped the first stage of US–Iranian détente, Robert Jordan, who was US ambassador to Riyadh from 2001 to 2003, said "[t]he Saudis' worst nightmare would be the [Obama] administration striking a grand bargain with Iran. In December 1993, the Consultative Council was inaugurated. This makes Saudi Arabia the best performing Middle Eastern, Arab and Muslim country. , Consuming non-renewable groundwater resulted in the loss of an estimated four fifths of the total groundwater reserves by 2012. Saudi Arabia has since been a totalitarian absolute monarchy, effectively a hereditary dictatorship governed along Islamist lines. However, F1’s decision of letting Saudi Arabia host the next season of race is expected to receive criticism considering the nation’s human rights abuse record and the alleged use of F1 with the intent of sportswashing.. In 2018, superstars like John Cena, Kevin Owens and Daniel Bryan refused to fly to Saudi, over the Kingdom's declining human rights records citing Jamal Khashoggi's assassination. La Mecca; Medina; Riad – Riyadh; Edge of the World; Jeddah; Al Khobar – Khobar; Madain Saleh , The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorism, its failure to adopt adequate measures against human trafficking, and its poor human rights record, which has been characterized by the lack of women's rights, excessive and often extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, state-sanctioned racism and antisemitism, and its strict interpretation of Shari'a law. مركز; markaz). King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, known as KAUST, founded recently in 2009. Style24 The main factors that influence the culture of Saudi Arabia are Islamic heritage and Bedouin traditions as well as its historical role as an ancient trade center.  The nomadic Midianites were one of the earliest exploiters of the domestication of camels that enabled them to navigate through the harsh terrains of the region. 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Known records from Uruk refer to a place called Dilmun, associated in several occasions with copper and in later period it was a source of imported woods in southern Mesopotamia. , According to the Iraqi prime minister Nouri al-Maliki in March 2014, Saudi Arabia along with Qatar provided political, financial and media support to terrorists against the Iraqi government.  The earliest attestation of state regality, King of Lihyan, was in the mid-sixth century BC. Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula.With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km 2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest sovereign state in Western Asia, the second-largest in the Arab world (after Algeria), the fifth-largest in Asia, and the 12th-largest in the world. It is, in fact, a number of linked deserts and includes the 647,500 km2 (250,001 sq mi) Rub' al Khali ("Empty Quarter") in the southeastern part of the country, the world's largest contiguous sand desert. Atheism or "calling into question the fundamentals of the Islamic religion on which this country is based" is considered a terrorist crime. , Cultural life rapidly developed, primarily in the Hejaz, which was the center for newspapers and radio. La città di Riyadh è la capitale e la sede del governo dell’Arabia Saudita e si trova nell’entroterra del Paese. Human rights issues that have attracted strong criticism include the extremely disadvantaged position of women (see Women below), capital punishment for homosexuality, religious discrimination, the lack of religious freedom and the activities of the religious police (see Religion below).  It plays a prominent role in the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, and in 2005 joined the World Trade Organization. The king introduced a number of economic reforms aimed at reducing the country's reliance on oil revenue: limited deregulation, encouragement of foreign investment, and privatization. Saudi Arabia's published reserves have shown little change since 1980, with the main exception being an increase of about 100 billion barrels (1.6×1010 m3) between 1987 and 1988.  And at least one religious minority, the Ahmadiyya Muslims, had its adherents deported, as they are legally banned from entering the country.  Women were not allowed to take part in the poll. An Saudi Arabia mayda gihapon in usá han mga gibatan-oni nga mga kamolupyohan han kalibutan; 50 ka porsyento han 33.4 nga milyon nga molupyo hini mga diri pa naabot hin 25 ka tuig nga panuigon. Saudi Arabia maintains a list of sectors in which foreign investment is prohibited, but the government plans to open some closed sectors such as telecommunications, insurance, and power transmission/distribution over time. Vuoi lavorare a Arabia Saudita-paese?  Indian: 1.5 million, Pakistani: 1.3 million, Egyptian: 900,000, Yemeni: 800,000, Bangladeshi: 400,000, Filipino: 500,000, Jordanian/Palestinian: 260,000, Indonesian: 250,000, Sri Lankan: 350,000, Sudanese: 250,000, Syrian: 100,000 and Turkish: 80,000.  The government regained control of the mosque after 10 days and those captured were executed. However, it attracted controversy when many of its high profile attendees, including Armie Hammer, Joan Smalls and Wilmer Valderrama, were criticized for engaging in "image rehab" for the kingdom, overlooking the continued human rights abuses in the country. The ulema have also been a key influence in major government decisions, for example the imposition of the oil embargo in 1973 and the invitation to foreign troops to Saudi Arabia in 1990.  Aside from horses, animals such as sheep, goats, dogs, in particular of the Saluki race, ostriches, falcons and fish were discovered in the form of stone statues and rock engravings.  During the Islamic revival movement in the 1980s, and as a political response to an increase in Islamist activism including the 1979 seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the government closed all cinemas and theaters. For example, in Riyadh water was available only once every 2.5 days in 2011, while in Jeddah it is available only every 9 days.  Saudi Arabia ranks among the top 10 in the world in government spending for its military, representing about 8 percent of gross domestic product in 2019. .  Polygamy is permitted for men, and men have a unilateral right to divorce their wives (talaq) without needing any legal justification. The SANG has been a counterbalance to the Sudairi faction in the royal family: The late prince Sultan, former Minister of Defense and Aviation, was one of the so-called 'Sudairi Seven' and controlled the remainder of the armed forces until his death in 2011. That's a Travesty", "Austria calls for EU-wide halt in arms sales to Saudi Arabia", "Germany extends ban on arms sales to Saudi Arabia | DW | 28 March 2019", "The erosion of Saudi Arabia's image among its neighbours", "Early human migration written in stone tools : Nature News", "Al Magar - Paleolithic & Neolithic History", "Desert finds challenge horse taming ideas", "Carved in stone: were the Arabs the first to tame the horse?